Asthma in Australia 2005
Table of Contents | Chapter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 | Appendix 1 2 | References |
References A | B | C | D | EF | G | HIJ | KL | M | NO | PQ | R | S | T | UV | WXYZ
Abramson M, Bailey MJ, Couper F, Driver JS, Drummer OH, Forbes A et al. 2001. Are asthma medications and management related to deaths from asthma? American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 163:12–18.
Abramson M, Kutin J, Czarny D & Walters EH 1996. The prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms among young adults: is it increasing in Australia? Journal of Asthma 33(3):189–96.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 1998. Information paper: 1996 census of population and housing: socioeconomic indexes for areas. Cat. no. 2309.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 1999. Standards for social, labour and demographic variables. Cultural diversity variables. Country of birth of father. Viewed 12 March 2003, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/974145038229B390CA25697E0018FE69?Open>.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2001a. ABS views on remoteness. Cat. no. 1244.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2001b. National health survey: users guide, 2001. Cat. no. 4363.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2002a. 2001 National health survey: summary of results. Cat. no. 4364.0. Canberra: ABS.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2002b. National health survey: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander results, Australia. ABS cat. no. 4715.0. Canberra: ABS.
Abulhosn RS, Morray BH, Llewellyn CE & Redding GJ 1997. Passive smoke exposure impairs recovery after hospitalization for acute asthma. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 151(2):135–9.
ACAM (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring) 2003. Asthma in Australia 2003. AIHW Asthma Series 1. AIHW cat. no. ACM 1. Available at: <www.asthmamonitoring.org>. Canberra: AIHW.
ACAM (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring) 2004. Measuring the impact of asthma on quality of life in the Australian population. AIHW cat. no. ACM 3. Available at: <www.asthmamonitoring.org>. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
ACAM (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring) 2005a. Enhancing asthma-related information for population monitoring. AIHW cat. no. ACM 4. Available at: <www.asthmamonitoring.org>. Canberra: AIHW.
ACAM (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring) 2005b. Health care expenditure and the burden of disease due to asthma in Australia. AIHW cat. no. ACM 5. Available at: <www.asthmamonitoring.org>. Canberra: AIHW.
Adams N, Bestall J & Jones P 2003. Budesonide for chronic asthma in children and adults (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Adams N, Bestall J & Jones P 2004a. Inhaled beclomethasone versus placebo for chronic asthma (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Adams N, Bestall J & Jones P 2005. Inhaled fluticasone propionate for chronic asthma (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Adams R, Fuhlbrigge A, Guilbert T, Lozano P & Martinez F 2002. Inadequate use of asthma medication in the United States: results of the Asthma in America national population survey. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 110:58–64.
Adams R, Smith B & Ruffin R 2000. Factors associated with hospital admissions and repeat emergency department visits for adults with asthma. Thorax 55(7):566–73.
Adams RJ, Wilson DH, Taylor AW, Daly A, Tursan d’Espaignet E, Dal Grande E et al. 2004b. Psychological factors and asthma quality of life: a population based study. Thorax 59:930–5.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2000. National health priority area indicators for monitoring asthma. Report of a consultation workshop. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2002a. Australian hospital statistics 2000–2001. AIHW cat. no. HSE 20. Canberra: AIHW (Health Services Series no. 19).
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2002b. Australian health expenditure 2000–01. AIHW cat. no. HWE 20. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2002c. Chronic diseases and associated risk factors in Australia, 2001. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2003a. Australian hospital statistics 2001–02. AIHW cat. no. HSE 25. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2003b. Health expenditure Australia 2001–02. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2004a. Australian hospital statistics 2002–03. AIHW cat. no. HSE 32. Canberra: AIHW (Health Services Series no. 22).
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2004b. Australia’s health 2004. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2004c. Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia, 2000–01. AIHW cat. no. HWE 26. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2005. Australian hospital statistics 2003–04. AIHW cat. no. HSE 37. Canberra: AIHW (Health Services Series no. 23).
AIHW GPSCU (GP Statistics and Classification Unit) 2000. SAND abstract no. 3 from the BEACH program: asthma. Sydney: GPSCU, University of Sydney.
AIHW GPSCU (GP Statistics and Classification Unit) 2001. SAND abstract no. 22 from the BEACH program: asthma–-prevalence, severity and management. Sydney: GPSCU, University of Sydney.
AIHW GPSCU (GP Statistics and Classification Unit) 2002. Bettering the evaluation and care of health. Viewed 11 May 2003, <http://www.fmrc.org.au/beach.htm>.
AIHW GPSCU (GP Statistics and Classification Unit) 2003. SAND abstract no. 39 from the BEACH program: Severity of asthma, medications and management. Sydney: GPSCU, University of Sydney.
AIHW GPSCU (GP Statistics and Classification Unit) 2004. SAND abstract no. 63 from the BEACH program: Asthma prevalence, management and medication side-effects. Sydney: GPSCU, University of Sydney.
AIHW: De Looper M 2002. Seasonality of death. Bulletin no. 3. AIHW cat. no. AUS 29. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
American Thoracic Society 1993. Guidelines for the evaluation of impairment/disability in patients with asthma. American Review of Respiratory Disease 147:1056–61.
Anderson HR, Ruggles R, Strachan DP, Austin JB, Burr M, Jeffs D et al. 2004. Trends in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, hay fever, and eczema in 12–14 year olds in the British Isles, 1995–2002: questionnaire survey. British Medical Journal 328:1052–3.
Anon. 1972. Beclomethasone dipropionate aerosol in asthma. Lancet 2:1239–40.
Ashton CM, Del Junco DJ, Souchek J, Wray NP & Mansyur CL 1997. The association between the quality of inpatient care and early readmission: a meta-analysis of the evidence. Medical Care 35(10):1044–59.
Avery J, Dal Grand E & Taylor A 2004a. Quality of life in South Australia as measured by the SF12 health status questionnaire. Adelaide: Population Research and Outcome Studies Unit, Department of Human Services, South Australia.
Avery J, Dal Grande E, Taylor A & Gill T 2004b. Which South Australians experience psychological distress? Kessler Psychological Distress 10-item Scale. Adelaide: South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS). Population Research and Outcomes Studies, Department of Health, South Australia.
B [back to top]
Baker DF, Marks GB, Poulos LM & Williamson M 2004. Review of proposed National Health Priority Area asthma indicators and data sources. AIHW cat. no. ACM 2. Available at <www.asthmamonitoring.org>. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Bauman A, Antic R & Rubinfeld A 1993. Could it be asthma?: the impact of a mass media campaign aimed at raising awareness about asthma in Australia. Health Education Research 8(4):581–7.
Beasley R, Smith K, Pearce N, Crane J, Burgess C & Culling C 1990. Trends in asthma mortality in New Zealand, 1908–1986. Medical Journal of Australia 152(11):570.
Benbassat J & Taragin M 2000. Hospital readmissions as a measure of quality of health care: advantages and limitations. Archives of Internal Medicine 160(8):1074–81.
Blais L, Ernst P, Boivin JF & Suissa S 1998. Inhaled corticosteroids and the prevention of readmission to hospital for asthma. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 158:126–32.
Boulet LP, Cartier A, Thomson NC, Roberts RS, Dolovich J & Hargreave FE 1983. Asthma and increases in nonallergic bronchial responsiveness from seasonal pollen exposure. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 71(4):399–406.
Braun-Fahrlander C, Gassner M, Grize L, Takken-Sahli K, Neu U, Stricker T et al. 2004. No further increase in asthma, hay fever and atopic sensitisation in adolescents living in Switzerland. European Respiratory Journal 23:407–13.
Britt H, Angelis M & Harris E 1998. The reliability and validity of doctor-recorded morbidity data in active data collection systems. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care-Supplement 16(1):50–5.
Britt H, Miller G, Knox S, Charles J, Valenti L, Henderson J et al. 2001. General practice activity in Australia, 2000–2001. Canberra: AIHW (General Practice Series no. 8).
Britt H, Miller GC, Knox S, Charles J, Valenti L & Henderson J et al. 2002. General practice activity in Australia 2001–02. AIHW cat. no. GEP 10. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (General Practice Series no. 10).
Britt H, Miller GC, Knox S, Charles J, Valenti L, Pan Y et al. 2004. General practice activity in Australia 2003–04. AIHW cat. no. GEP 16. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (General Practice Series no. 16).
Burney P 2002. The changing prevalence of asthma? Thorax 57(Suppl II):ii36–9.
Burney P, Chinn S, Jarvis D, Luczynska C & Lai E 1996. Variations in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, self-reported asthma attacks, and use of asthma medication in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS). European Respiratory Journal 9:687–95.
C [back to top]
Castro M, Schechtman KB, Halstead J & Bloomberg G 2001. Risk factors for asthma morbidity and mortality in a large metropolitan city. Journal of Asthma 38(8):625–35.
Castro M, Zimmermann NA, Crocker S, Bradley J, Leven C & Schechtman KB 2003. Asthma intervention program prevents readmissions in high healthcare users. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 168: 1095–9.
Cates C 1999. Holding chambers versus nebulisers for beta-agonist treatment of acute asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (NSW Department of Health) 2002. New South Wales child health survey 2001. NSW Public Health Bulletin 13(S-3):34–6.
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (NSW Department of Health) 2003. New South Wales adult health survey 2002. NSW Public Health Bulletin 14(S–4):73–6.
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (NSW Department of Health) 2004. New South Wales adult health survey 2003. NSW Public Health Bulletin 15(S-4).
Centre for Epidemiology and Research (NSW Department of Health) 2005. 2004 report on adult health from the New South Wales population health survey. NSW Public Health Bulletin 16(S-1).
Chalmers GW, Macleod KJ, Little SA, Thomson LJ, McSharry CP & Thomson NC 2002. Influence of cigarette smoking on inhaled corticosteroid treatment in mild asthma. Thorax 57(3):226–30.
Chalmers GW, MacLeod KJ, Thomson LJ, Little SA, McSharry C & Thomson NC 2001. Smoking and airway inflammation in patients with mild asthma. Chest 120(6):1917–22.
Chilmonczyk BA, Salmun LM, Megathlin KN, Neveux LM, Palomaki GE, Knight GJ et al. 1993. Association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and exacerbations of asthma in children. New England Journal of Medicine 328(23):1665–9.
Chinn S, Burney P, Jarvis D & Luczynska C on behalf of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) 1997. Variation in bronchial responsiveness in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS). European Respiratory Journal 10(11):2495–501.
Christakis DA, Mell L, Koepsell TD, Zimmerman FJ & Connell FA 2001. Association of lower continuity of care with greater risk of emergency department use and hospitalization in children. Pediatrics 103:524–9.
Comino EJ, Bauman A, Mitchell CA, Ruffin RE, Antic R, Zimmerman PV et al. 1997. The Australian national asthma campaign: effects of public education activities based on mass media. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 13(4):251–6.
Comino EJ, Mitchell CA, Bauman A, Henry RL, Robertson CF, Abramson M et al. 1996. Asthma management in eastern Australia, 1990 and 1993. Medical Journal of Australia 164:403–6.
Cote J, Bowie DM, Robichaud P, Parent JG, Battisti L & Boulet LP 2001. Evaluation of two different educational interventions for adult patients consulting with an acute asthma exacerbation. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine 163:1415–9.
Cowie RL, Underwood MF, Revitt SG & Field SK 2001. Predicting emergency department utilization in adults with asthma: a cohort study. Journal of Asthma 38(2):179–84.
D [back to top]
Daly A & Roberts L 2002. 2001 Child health survey: an overview. Perth: Western Australia Department of Health.
de Marco R, Bugiani M, Cazzoletti L, Carosso A, Accordini S, Buriani O et al. 2003. The control of asthma in Italy. A multicentre descriptive study on young adults with doctor diagnosed current asthma. Allergy 58(3):221–8.
D’Espaignet ET, Measey ML & Dal Grande E 2002. Northern Territory health and wellbeing survey, non-Indigenous population, December 2000. Darwin: Department of Health and Community Services.
Devenny A, Wassall H, Ninan T, Omran M, Khan SD & Russell G 2004. Respiratory symptoms and atopy in children in Aberdeen: questionnaire studies of a defined school population repeated over 35 years. British Medical Journal 329:489–90.
DIMIA (Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs) 2001. English proficiency 1996 census. Statistical Report no. 30. Canberra: DIMIA.
Dobbin C, Miller J, van de Hoek R, Baker DF, Cumming R & Marks GB 2004. The effects of age, death period and birth cohort on asthma mortality rates in Australia. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 8(12):1429–36.
DoHA (Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing) 2002. GP asthma initiative. Viewed 19 March 2003, <http://www.health.gov.au/pq/asthma/3plus.htm>.
DoHA (Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing) 2003. The Asthma 3+ Visit Plan. Viewed 12 May 2003, <http://www.health.gov.au/pq/asthma/3visitpln.htm>.
DoHA (Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing) 2004. Australian statistics on medicines 2001–2002. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.
DoHA (Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing): Li et al. 2002. National health priorities and quality: asthma. Viewed 14 July 2003, <http://www.health.gov.au/pq/asthma/index.htm>.
Downs SH, Marks GB, Sporik R, Belousova EG, Car NG & Peat JK 2001. Continued increase in the prevalence of asthma and atopy. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 84(1):20–3.
DPIE & DHSH (Department of Primary Industries and Energy & Department of Human Services and Health) 1994. Rural, remote and metropolitan classification. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.
Dunn C, Sadkowsky K & Jelfs P 2002. Trends in deaths: Australian data, 1987–1998 with updates to 2000. Mortality Surveillance Series no. 3. Cat. no. PHE 40. Canberra: AIHW.
E F [back to top]
Eagar K, Gordon R & Hodkinson A et al. 1997. The Australian national sub-acute and non-acute patient (AN-SNAP) casemix classification study. Wollongong: Centre for Health Service Development, University of Wollongong.
Epidemiology Services Unit (Health Information Centre) 2002. 2000 Chronic disease surveys: asthma (Results from preliminary report). Brisbane: Queensland Health.
Evans D, Levison MJ, Feldman CH, Clark NM, Wasilewski Y & Levin B 1987. The impact of passive smoking on emergency room visits of urban children with asthma. American Review of Respiratory Disease 135:567–72.
Farber HJ 1998. Risk of readmission to hospital for pediatric asthma. Journal of Asthma 35(1):95–9.
Farber HJ, Johnson CC & Beckerman RC 1998. Young inner-city children visiting the emergency room (ER) for asthma: risk factors and chronic care behaviors. Journal of Asthma 35(7):547–52.
Fernandes AK, Mallmann F, Steinhorst AM, Nogueira FL, Avila EM, Saucedo DZ et al. 2003. Characteristics of acute asthma patients attended frequently compared with those attended only occasionally in an emergency department. Journal of Asthma 40(6):683–90.
Fielder H, Lyons RA, Heaven M, Morgan H, Govier P & Hooper M 1999. Effect of environmental tobacco smoke on peak flow variability. Archives of Disease in Childhood 80(3):253–6.
Fleiss J 1981. Statistical methods for rates and proportions (2nd edn). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Fleming DM, Cross KW, Sunderland R & Ross AM 2000. Comparison of the seasonal patterns of asthma identified in general practitioner episodes, hospital admissions and deaths. Thorax 55:662–5.
Ford JG, Meyer IH, Sternfels P, Findley SE, McLean DE, Fagan JK et al. 2001. Patterns and predictors of asthma-related emergency department use in Harlem. Chest 120(4):1129–35.
Frischer T, Kuhr J, Meinert R, Karmaus W & Urbanek R 1993. Influence of maternal smoking on variability of peak expiratory flow rate in school children. Chest 104(4):1133–7.
G [back to top]
Garty BZ, Kosman E, Ganor E, Berger V, Garty L, Wietzen T et al. 1998. Emergency room visits of asthmatic children, relation to air pollution, weather and airborne allergens. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology 81(6):563–70.
Gergen P, Mitchell H & Lynn H 2002. Understanding the seasonal pattern of childhood asthma: results from the national cooperative inner-city asthma study (NCICAS). Journal of Pediatrics 141:631–6.
Gibson PG, Coughlan J, Wilson A, Abramson M, Bauman A, Hensley MJ et al. 2002. Self-management education and regular practitioner review for adults with asthma (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford: Update Software.
Gibson PG, Mitchell CA, Bauman A, Henry RL, Comino E, Robertson C et al. 2000. Asthma morbidity and management among adults in Australia, 1998. Respirology 5:(Suppl):A27.
Gibson PG & Powell H 2004. Written action plans for asthma: an evidence-based review of the key components. Thorax 59:94–9.
Gill T, Taylor A, Williams M & Starr G 2001. Physical activity in South Australian adults. Viewed 7 March 2003, <http://www.dhs.sa.gov.au/pehs/cpse/sercis-publications.html>.
GINA 2002. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention. Viewed 6 May 2003, <www.ginasthma.com>.
GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) 2004. Global burden of asthma. Viewed 9 May 2005, <http://www.ginasthma.com/ReportItem.asp?l1=2&l2=2&intId=94>. Geneva: GINA.
Glasgow NJ, Goodchild EA, Yates R & Ponsonby A-L 2003. Respiratory health in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in the Australian Capital Territory. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 39:534–9.
Goeman DP, Aroni RA, Sawyer SM, Stewart K, Thien FCK, Abramson MJ et al. 2004. Back for more: a qualitative study of emergency department reattendance for asthma. Medical Journal of Australia 180(3):113–17.
Goldney RD, Ruffin R, Fisher LJ & Wilson DH 2003. Asthma symptoms associated with depression and lower quality of life: a population survey. Medical Journal of Australia 178:437–41.
Grant E, Lyttle C & Weiss K 2000. The relation of socioeconomic factors and racial/ethnic differences in US asthma mortality. American Journal of Public Health 90(12):1923–5.
Grant EN, Daugherty SR, Moy JN, Nelson SG, Piorowski JM & Weiss KB 1999. Prevalence and burden of illness for asthma and related symptoms among kindergarteners in Chicago public schools. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology 83(2):113–20.
Greening A, Ind P, Northfield M, Shaw G & on behalf of Allen & Hanbury’s Ltd Study Group 1994. Added salmeterol versus higher-dose corticosteroid in asthma patients with symptoms on existing inhaled corticosteroid. Lancet 344:219–24.
Griffiths C, Sturdy PM, Naish J, Omar R, Dolan S & Feder F 1997. Hospital admission for asthma in East London: associations with characteristics of local general practises, prescribing, and population. British Medical Journal 314(482):1–10.
Guite HF & Burney PGJ 1996. Accuracy of recording of deaths from asthma in the UK: the false negative rate. Thorax 51(9):924–8.
Gurkan F, Ece A, Haspolat K, Derman O & Bosnak M 2000. Predictors for multiple hospital admissions in children with asthma. Canadian Respiratory Journal 7(2):163–6.
H I J [back to top]
Haahtela T, Jarvinen M, Kava T, Kiveranta K, Koskinen S, Lehtonen K et al. 1991. Comparison of a beta 2-agonist, terbutaline, with an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, in newly detected asthma. New England Journal of Medicine 325:388–92.
Haby MM, Peat J, Marks G, Woolcock A & Leeder SR 2001. Asthma in preschool children: prevalence and risk factors. Thorax 56:589–95.
Halfon N, Newacheck PW, Wood DL & St Peter RF 1996. Routine emergency department use for sick care by children in the United States. American Academy of Pediatrics 98(1):28–34.
Hanania NA, David-Wang A, Kesten S & Chapman KR 1997. Factors associated with emergency department dependence of patients with asthma. Chest 111(2):290–5.
Harish Z, Bregante AC, Morgan C, Fann CSJ, Callaghan CM, Witt MA et al. 2001. A comprehensive inner-city asthma program reduces hospital and emergency room utilization. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology 86:185–9.
Harju T, Tuuponen T, Keistinen T & Kivela S 1998. Seasonal variations in hospital treatment periods and deaths among adult asthmatics. European Respiratory Journal 12:1362–5.
Health Insurance Commission 2002. Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) group statistics reports. Viewed 7 April 2003, <http://www.hic.gov.au/statistics/dyn_mbs/forms/mbsgtab4.shtml>.
Health Targets and Implementation Committee 1988. Health for all Australians. Report to the Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council and the Australian Health Ministers’ Conference. Canberra: AGPS.
Henderson J, Knox S, Pan Y & Britt H 2004. Changes in asthma management in Australian general practice. Primary Care Respiratory Journal 13:138–43.
Herjavecz I, Nagy GB, Gyurkovits K, Magyar P, Dobos K, Nagy L et al. 2003. Cost, morbidity, and control of asthma in Hungary: the Hunair study. Journal of Asthma 40(6):673–81.
Homer CJ, Szilagyi PG, Rodewald L, Bloom SR, Greenspan P, Yazdgerdi S et al. 1996. Does quality of care affect rates of hospitalization for childhood asthma? Pediatrics 98(1):18–23.
Hunt LW, Silverstein MD, Reed CE, O’Connell EJ, O’Fallon WM & Yunginger JW 1993. Accuracy of the death certificate in a population-based study of asthmatic patients. Journal of the American Medical Association 269(15):1994–5.
ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) Steering Committee 1995. International study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods. European Respiratory Journal 8:483–91.
ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) 1998. Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. [comment]. Lancet 351(9111):1225-32.
Jalaludin B, Chey T, Holmwood M, Chipps J, Hanson R, Corbett S et al. 1998. Admission rates as an indicator of the prevalence of severe asthma in the community. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 22(2):214–19.
Jalaludin BB, Smith MA, Chey T, Orr NJ, Smith WT & Leeder SR 1999. Risk factors for asthma deaths: a population-based, case-control study. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 23(6):595–600.
Johnston NW, Johnston SL, Duncan JM, Greene JM, Kebadze T, Keith PK et al. 2005. The September epidemic of asthma exacerbations in children: a search for etiology. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 115:132–8.
Johnston SL, Pattemore PK, Sanderson G, Smith S, Lampe F & Josephs L 1995. Community study of the role of viral infections in exacerbations of asthma in 9–11 year old children. British Medical Journal 310(6989):1225–8.
Jones A, Bentham G, Harrison BD, Jarvis D, Badminton RM & Wareham NJ 1998. Accessibility and health service utilization for asthma in Norfolk, England. Journal of Public Health Medicine 20(3):312–17.
Jones A, Bentham G & Horwell C 1999. Health service accessibility and deaths from asthma. International Journal of Epidemiology 28:101–5.
Jones AP 1994. Asymptomatic bronchial hyperreactivity and the development of asthma and other respiratory tract illnesses in children. Thorax 49:757–61.
Jones AP & Bentham G 1997. Health service accessibility and deaths from asthma in 401 local authority districts in England and Wales, 1988–92. Thorax 52:218–22.
Jorgensen IM, Bulow S, Jensen VB, Dahm TL, Prahl P & Juel K 2000. Asthma mortality in Danish children and young adults, 1973–1994: epidemiology and validity of death certificates. European Respiratory Journal 15:844–8.
K L [back to top]
Kelly A-M, Powell C & Kerr D 2003. Snapshot of acute asthma: treatment and outcome of patients with acute asthma treated in Australian emergency departments. Internal Medicine Journal 33:406–13.
Kennedy S, Stone A & Rachelefsky R 2003. Factors associated with emergency department use in asthma: acute care interventions improving chronic disease outcomes. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology 90(1):45–50.
Kennedy SM, Burrows B, Vedal S, Enarson DA & Chan-Yeung M 1990. Methacholine responsiveness among working populations: relationship to smoking and airway caliber. American Review of Respiratory Disease 142:1377–83.
Kimbell-Dunn M, Pearce N & Beasley R 2000. Seasonal variation in asthma hospitalizations and death rates in New Zealand. Respirology 5:241–6.
Kolbe J, Fergusson W, Vamos M & Garrett J 2000. Case-control study of severe life threatening asthma (SLTA) in adults: demographics, health care and management of the acute attack. Thorax 55:1007–15.
Krueger KP, Armstrong EP & Langley PC 2001. The accuracy of asthma and respiratory disease diagnostic codes in a managed care medical claims database. Disease Management 4(4):155–61.
Lange P, Parner J, Vestbo J, Schnohr P & Jensen G 1998. A 15-year follow-up study of ventilatory function in adults with asthma. New England Journal of Medicine 339(17):1194–200.
Leung R, Carlin JB, Burdon JGW & Czarny D 1994. Asthma, allergy and atopy in Asian immigrants in Melbourne. Medical Journal of Australia 161(3 October):418–25.
Lincoln D & Muscatello D 2001. Time trends in emergency department presentations of children with acute severe asthma in NSW. NSW Public Health Bulletin 12(11):293–5.
Lister S, Sheppeard V, Morgan G, Corbett S, Kaldor J & Henry R 2001. February asthma outbreaks in NSW: a case control study. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 25(6):514–19.
M [back to top]
Madge P, McColl J & Paton J 1997. Impact of a nurse–led home management training programme in children admitted to hospital with acute asthma: a randomised controlled study. Thorax 52:223–8.
Marks GB & Burney P 1997. Diseases of the respiratory system. In: Charlton J & Murphy M (eds). The health of adult Britain. London: The Stationery Office, 93–113.
Marks GB, Jalaludin B, Williamson M, Atkin NL & Bauman A 2000. Use of ‘preventer’ medications and written asthma management plans among adults with asthma in New South Wales. Medical Journal of Australia 173(8):407–10.
Martinez FD, Cline M & Burrows B 1992. Increased incidence of asthma in children of smoking mothers. Pediatrics 89:21–6.
Martinez FD, Stern DA, Wright AL, Taussig LM & Halonen M 1998. Differential immune responses to acute lower respiratory illness in early life and subsequent development of persistent wheezing and asthma. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 102:915–20.
MatchWare Technologies 1997. Automatch version 4.01 (software). Burtonsville, Maryland, USA.
Mathers C & Penm R 1999. Health system costs of injury, poisoning and musculoskeletal disorders in Australia 1993–94. AIHW cat. no. HWE 12. Canberra: AIHW.
Mathers C, Vos T & Stevenson C 1999. The burden of disease and injury in Australia. AIHW cat. no. PHE 17. Canberra: AIHW.
Mayo PH, Richman J & Harris W 1990. Results of a program to reduce admissions for adult asthma. Annals of Internal Medicine 112:864–71.
McHorney CA, Ware JE & Raczek AE 1993. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): II. Psychometric and clinical tests of validity in measuring physical and mental constructs. Medical Care 31:247–63.
McHorney CA, Ware JEJ, Lu JFR & Sherbourne CD 1994. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): III. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability across diverse patient groups. Medical Care 32:40–66.
Miller JE 2000. The effects of race/ethnicity and income on early childhood asthma prevalence and health care use. American Journal of Public Health 90(3):428–30.
Mommers M, Gielkens-Sijstermans C, Swaen GMH & van Schayck CP 2005. Trends in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and treatment in Dutch children over a 12 year period: results of the fourth consecutive survey. Thorax 60:97–9.
Murray AB & Morrison BJ 1989. Passive smoking by asthmatics: its greater effect on boys than on girls and on older than on younger children. Pediatrics 84(3):451–9.
Murray AB & Morrison BJ 1993. The decrease in severity of asthma in children of parents who smoke since the parents have been exposing them to less cigarette smoke. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 91:102–10.
N O [back to top]
NAC (National Asthma Council of Australia) 2002. Asthma management handbook 2002. Melbourne: National Asthma Council Australia Ltd.
National Asthma Education and Prevention Program 1997. Expert panel report 2: guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. NIH Publication no. 97-4051.
National Centre for Classification in Health 2004. Australian refined diagnosis related groups version 5.1. Canberra: Australian Department of Health and Ageing.
Ng D, Salvio F & Hicks G 2004. Anti-leukotriene agents compared to inhaled corticosteroids in the management of recurrent and/or chronic asthma in adults and children [update of Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews. 2002(3):CD002314; PMID: 12137655]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2.
NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) 1988. Asthma in Australia: strategies for reducing mortality and morbidity. Canberra: NHMRC, Commonwealth of Australia.
NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) 1997. The health effects of passive smoking: a scientific information paper. Canberra: NHMRC.
NSW Health Department 1997. Asthma and the environment: perspectives on the prevention of asthma. Sydney: NSW Health Department.
Oddoze C, Dubus JC, Badier M, Thirion X, Pauli AM, Pastor J et al. 1999. Urinary cotinine and exposure to parental smoking in a population of children with asthma. Clinical Chemistry 45(4):505–9.
Osborne ML, Vollmer WM & Buist AS 1992. Diagnostic accuracy of asthma within a health maintenance organisation. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 45(4):403–11.
P Q [back to top]
Palmer LJ, Valinsky L, Pikora T & Landau LI 2004. Do regular check ups and preventive drug use reduce asthma severity in school children? Australian Family Physician 33(7):573–6.
Parameswaran K, Belda J & Sears MR 1999. Use of peak flow variability and methacholine responsiveness in predicting changes from pre-test diagnosis of asthma. European Respiratory Journal 14(6):1358–62.
Patrick DL & Deyo RA 1989. Generic and disease specific measures in assessing health status and quality of life. Medical Care 27(Suppl. 3):S217–32.
Peat JK 1994. The rising trend in allergic illness: which environmental factors are important? Clinical & Experimental Allergy 24:797–800.
Peat JK, Salome C & Woolcock AJ 1992. Factors associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness in Australian adults and children. European Respiratory Journal 5:921–9.
Peat JK, van den Berg RH, Green WF, Mellis CM, Leeder SR & Woolcock AJ 1994. Changing prevalence of asthma in Australian children. British Medical Bulletin 308(6944):1591–6.
Peat JK, Woolcock A & Cullen K 1987. Rate of decline of lung function in subjects with asthma. European Journal of Respiratory Disease 70:171–90.
Pedersen B, Dahl R, Karlstrom R, Peterson CG & Venge P 1996. Eosinophil and neutrophil activity in asthma in a one-year trial with inhaled budesonide: the impact of smoking. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 153(5):1519–29.
Phelan P, Bishop J, Baxter K & Duckett SJ 1993. Hospitalisation of children under 15 years in Victoria. Australian Health Review 16(2):148–59.
Phelan P, Robertson CF & Olinsky A 2002. The Melbourne asthma study: 1964–1999. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 109(2):189–94.
Pierce R & Irving L 1991. The national asthma campaign–-a measurable public health exercise. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine 21:4–5.
Pollack CVJ, Pollack ES, Baren JM, Smith SR, Woodruff PG, Clark S et al. 2002. A prospective multicenter study of patient factors associated with hospital admission from the emergency department among children with acute asthma. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 156(9):934–40.
Ponsonby AL, Couper D, Dwyer T, Carmichael A & Wood-Baker R 1996. Exercise induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness and parental ISAAC questionnaire responses. European Respiratory Journal 9:1356–62.
Powell H & Gibson PG 2003. Inhaled corticosteroid doses in asthma: an evidence-based approach. Medical Journal of Australia 178(5):223–5.
Premaratne U, Marks G, Austin E & Burney P 1997. A reliable method to retrieve accident and emergency data stored on a free-text basis. Respiratory Medicine 91:61–6.
Public Health Division 2001. Report on the 1997 and 1998 NSW health surveys. Sydney: NSW Health Department.
R [back to top]
Radeos MS, Leak LV, Lugo BP, Hanrahan JP, Clark S, Camargo CA, Jr. et al. 2001. Risk factors for lack of asthma self-management knowledge among ED patients not on inhaled steroids. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 19(4):253–9.
Rasmussen F, Taylor R, Flannery EM, Cowan JO, Greene JM, Herbison GP et al. 2002. Risk factors for hospital admission for asthma from childhood to young adulthood: a longitudinal population study. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 110:220–7.
Reddel H, Jenkins C, Marks G, Ware S, Xuan W, Salome C et al. 2000. Optimal asthma control, starting with high doses of inhaled budesonide. European Respiratory Journal 16(2):226–35.
Reddel HK, Ware SI, Marks GB, Jenkins CR & Woolcock AJ 1998. Do asthma exacerbations represent poor asthma control? Lancet 353:364–9.
Robertson CF, Dalton MF, Peat JK, Haby MM, Bauman A, Kennedy JD et al. 1998. Asthma and other atopic diseases in Australian children: Australian arm of the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood. Medical Journal of Australia 168(9):434–8.
Robertson CF, Heycock E, Bishop J, Nolan T, Olinsky A & Phelan PD 1991. Prevalence of asthma in Melbourne schoolchildren: changes over 26 years. British Medical Journal 302:1116–18.
Robertson CF, Roberts MF & Kappers JH 2004. Asthma prevalence in Melbourne schoolchildren: have we reached the peak? Medical Journal of Australia. 180:273–6.
Rosi E, Ronchi MC, Grazzini M, Duranti R & Scano G 1999. Sputum analysis, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airway function in asthma: results of a factor analysis. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 103(2 Pt 1):232–7.
Ross K 1999. Occasional paper: population issues, Indigenous Australians 1996. Cat. no. 4708.0. Canberra: ABS.
Ruffin R, Wilson D, Smith B, Southcott A & Adams R 2001. Prevalence, morbidity and management of adult asthma in South Australia. Immunology & Cell Biology 79:191–4.
Rural and Regional Health and Aged Care Services Division 2004. Review of public health interventions for asthma. Available at: <http://www.health.vic.gov.au/nhpa/downloads/asthma_intervention.pdf>. Melbourne: Victorian Department of Human Services.
S [back to top]
SAS Institute Inc. © 1999–2001. SAS/SURVEYMEANS software, version 8.01 of the SAS System for Windows. SAS and all other SAS Institute Inc. product or service names are registered trademarks or trademarks of SAS Institute Inc. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Sears MR, Rea HH, De Boer G, Beaglehole R, Gillies AJD, Holst PE et al. 1986. Accuracy of certification of deaths due to asthma. American Journal of Epidemiology 124(6):1004–11.
Sheppeard V, Corbett S & Morgan G 2001. A statewide ‘outbreak’ of asthma in NSW, February 1999. Public Health Bulletin 11:187–9.
Sidenius KE, Munich EP, Madsen F, Lange P, Viskum K & Soes-Petersen U 2000. Accuracy of recorded asthma deaths in Denmark in a 12 month period in 1994–95. Respiratory Medicine 94(4):373–7.
Silverman RA, Stevenson L & Hastings HM 2003. Age-related seasonal patterns of emergency department visits for acute asthma in an urban environment. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42:577–86.
Sin DD, Bell NR, Svenson LW & Man SF 2002. The impact of follow-up physician visits on emergency readmissions for patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a population-based study. American Journal of Medicine 112(2):120–5.
Sin DD & Man SF 2002. Low-dose inhaled corticosteroid therapy and risk of emergency department visits for asthma. Archives of Internal Medicine 162(14):1591–5.
Sin DD & Tu JV 2001. Inhaled corticosteroid therapy reduces the risk of rehospitalization and all-cause mortality in elderly asthmatics. European Respiratory Journal 17(3):380–5.
Siroux V, Pin I, Oryszczyn MP, Le Moual N & Kauffmann F 2000. Relationships of active smoking to asthma and asthma severity in the EGEA study. Epidemiological study on the genetics and environment of asthma. European Respiratory Journal 15(3):470–7.
Slack R & Bucknall CE 1997. Readmission rates are associated with differences in the process of care in acute asthma. Quality in Health Care 6(4):194–8.
Smythe ET, Wright SC, Evans AE, Sinnamon DG & MacMahon J 1996. Death from airways obstruction: accuracy of certification in Northern Ireland. Thorax 51(3):293–7.
Soriano JB, Rabe KF & Vermeire PA 2003. Predictors of poor asthma control in European adults. Journal of Asthma 40(7):803–13.
Stafford RS, Ma J, Finkelstein SN, Haver K & Cockburn I 2003. National trends in asthma visits and asthma pharmacotherapy, 1978–2002. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 111(4):729–35.
Strachan DP & Cook DG 1997. Parental smoking and lower respiratory illness in infancy and early childhood. Thorax 52:905–14.
Strachan DP & Cook DG 1998. Health effects of passive smoking–-6: Parental smoking and childhood asthma: longitudinal and case-control studies. Thorax 53(3):204–12.
Sturdy PM, Victor CR, Anderson HR, Bland JM, Butland BK, Harrison BDW et al. 2002. Psychological, social and health behaviour risk factors for deaths certified as asthma: a national case-control study. Thorax 57:1034–9.
Suissa S, Ernst P, Benayoun S, Baltzan M & Cai B 2000. Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids and the prevention of death from asthma. New England Journal of Medicine 343(5):332–6.
T [back to top]
Taylor A, Daly A, D’Espaignet E, Wilson D, Eshpeter J & Measey M 2002. Collaborative health and wellbeing CATI survey of adults living in Western Australia, Northern Territory and South Australia: Report I: summary of results by state/territory. Adelaide: South Australian Department of Human Services.
Taylor R, Comino E & Bauman A 1997. Asthma mortality in Australia 1920–94: age, period, and cohort effects. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 51:408–11.
Toelle BG, Ng K, Belousova E, Salome CM, Peat JK & Marks GB 2004. Prevalence of asthma and allergy in schoolchildren in Belmont, Australia: three cross sectional surveys over 20 years. British Medical Journal 328(7436):386–7.
Tong S & Drake P 1999. Hospital admission and mortality differentials of asthma between urban and rural populations in New South Wales. Australian Journal of Rural Health 7(1):18–22.
U V [back to top]
Valery PC, Chang AB, Shibasaki S, Gibson O, Purdie DM, Shannon C et al. 2001. High prevalence of asthma in five remote Indigenous communities in Australia. European Respiratory Journal 17(6): 1089–96.
Valery PC, Chang AB, Masters IB, Stirling J & Twist A 2005. Prevalence of asthma symptoms in school children in the Torres Strait region. Respirology 10(Supplement):A35.
Venables KM & Chan-Yeung M 1997. Occupational asthma. Lancet 349:1465–9.
Verheijden MW, Ton A, James A, Wood M & Musk AW 2002. Respiratory morbidity and lung function in two Aboriginal communities in Western Australia. Respirology 7:247–53.
Vollmer W, Markson L, O’Connor E, Sanocki L, Fitterman L & Berger M 1999. Association of asthma control with health care utilization and quality of life. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 160:1647–52.
Vollmer WM, Markson LE, O’Connor E, Frazier EA, Berger M & Buist AS 2002. Association of asthma control with health care utilization: a prospective evaluation. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 165(2):195–9.
W X Y Z [back to top]
Wakefield M, Ruffin R, Campbell D, Staugas R, Beilby J & McCaul K 1997. A risk screening questionnaire for adult asthmatics to predict attendance at hospital emergency departments. Chest 112(6):1527–33.
Warner JO & Naspitz CK 1998. Third international pediatric consensus statement on the management of childhood asthma. Pediatric Pulmonology 25:1–17.
Weiss K 1990. Seasonal trends in US asthma hospitalisations and mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association 263:2323–8.
Wesseldine LJ, McCarthy P & Silverman M 1999. Structured discharge procedure for children admitted to hospital with acute asthma: a randomised controlled trial of nursing practice. Archives of Disease in Childhood 80(2):110–14.
Whorlow K, Mitchell CA, Robertson CF, Bauman AE & Chey T 2003. Evaluation of the 2002 National Asthma Council NAC/GSK mass media and social marketing campaign to increase awareness of asthma management in Australia. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 167(7):A37.
WICC (Classification Committee of the World Organization of Family Doctors) 1998. ICPC-2: international classification of primary care. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wilson D, Chittleborough C, Ruffin R & Tucker G 2002. Comparison of rural and urban health status: asthma in South Australia as an example. In: Wilkinson D & Blue I (eds). The new rural health. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 149–70.
Wilson DH, Adams RJ, Appleton SL, Hugo D, Wilkinson D, Hiller J et al. 2003. Prevalence of asthma and asthma action plans in South Australia: population surveys from 1990 to 2001. Medical Journal of Australia 178(10):483–5.
Wong GWK, Leung TF, Ko WS, Lee KKM, Lam P, Hu DSC et al. 2004. Declining asthma prevalence in Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren. Clinical & Experimental Allergy 34:1550–5.
Woods R, Walters H, Wharton C, Watson N & Abramson M 2001. The rising prevalence of asthma in young Melbourne adults is associated with improvement in treatment. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology 87:117–23.
Woolcock A, Rubinfeld A, Seale JP, Landau L, Antic R, Mitchell C et al. 1989. Asthma management plan, 1989. Medical Journal of Australia 151:650–3.
Yawn BP, Wollan P, Kurland M & Scanlon P 2002. A longitudinal study of the prevalence of asthma in a community population of school age children. Journal of Pediatrics 140:576–81.
Zubrick SR, Lawrence DM, Silburn SR, Blair E, Milroy H, Wilkes T et al. 2004. The Western Australian Aboriginal Child Health Survey: The Health of Aboriginal Children and Young People. Perth: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research.
<< Glossary [ back to top ] Table of contents >>
Printing options: This page can be directly printed from your Web Browser. Alternatively, print a high quality PDF version using free Adobe software.
© Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2005